The Dunedin Study - DMHDRU


All peer reviewed publications are listed below.

Displaying page 23 of 23.

Accidents in the first five years of life | 1979
Langley, J.D., Dodge, J.S., Silva, ... Show all » P.A. « Hide
Australian Paediatric Journal, 1979, 15(15), 255-259.
Our ref: RO4
Show abstract » This paper reports accidents resulting in injuries experienced by children from birth to five years.
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Poisoning, burns, and other accidents experienced by a thousand Dunedin three year olds: A report from The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Child Development Study | 1978
Silva, P.A., Buckfield, P.M., Spears, ... Show all » G.F., Williams, S.M. « Hide
New Zealand Medical Journal, 1978, 87(87), 242-244.
download pdf Our ref: NZ6
Show abstract » Poisoning, burns, and other accidents experienced by 1037 Dunedin children during their first three years of life are described. 7.8% of the children ingested poison, 4.9% were burned, and 21.4% experienced other accidents for which medical advice was sought. The children who had been poisoned were of significantly lower intelligence than the remainder although those who had had other accidents did not differ significantly in this respect. The mothers of children poisoned or who had had accidents were not significantly different from the remainder in terms of general mental ability or training in child development.
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SRA verbal test scores from 1011 women | 1978
Silva, P.A.
New Zealand Psychologist, 1978, 7(7), 47-48.
download pdf Our ref: NZ5
Show abstract » The results obtained from an administrtion of the SRA Verbal test to 1011 Dunedin women are described. There was no significant correlation between SRA Verbal test scores and age. Correlations with the Burt Reading Test and educational level were .598 and .433 respectively.
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Breast-feeding and some reasons for electing to wean the infant: A report from The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Child Development Study | 1978
Hood, L.J., Faed, J.A., Silva, ... Show all » P.A., Buckfield, P.M. « Hide
New Zealand Medical Journal, 1978, 88(88), 273-276.
download pdf Our ref: NZ4
Show abstract » Data are presented on the prevalence of breast feeding among 1037 Dunedin mothers who gave birth to infants between April 1972 and March 1973 and their reasons for weaning. Although breast feeding was becoming more common at that time, more than two-thirds of the mothers weaned their babies as a result of the difficulties they encountered. One of the most significant factors in lactation failure is the mismanagement of breast feeding by health professionals.
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Some maternal and child developmental characteristics associated with breast-feeding: A report from The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Child Development Study | 1978
Silva, P.A., Buckfield, P.M., Spears, ... Show all » G.F. « Hide
Australian Paediatric Journal, 1978, 14(14), 265-268.
download pdf Our ref: RO3
Show abstract » This study used a matched comparison group design. It has now been superseded by a more comprehensive study using analysis of co-variance reporting results from birth to age seven. (See RO23)
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An evaluation and cross cultural comparison of the Reynell Developmental Language Scales | 1977
McKerracher, D.W., Saklofske, D.H., Silva, ... Show all » P.A. « Hide
Australian Reading Education Journal, 1977, 2(2), 14-17.
Our ref: RO2
Show abstract » This paper compares results from the Reynell Developmental Language Scales for three year old English and Dunedin children. It shows remarkable similarity between the Dunedin results and those reported in the English manual for the test.
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Socio-economic status, maternal characteristics, child experience, and intelligence in preschool children | 1976
Silva, P.A., Fergusson, D.M.
New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 1976, 11(11), 180-188.
Our ref: NZ3
Show abstract » This paper describes a path analysis of the influence of socio-economic status, various maternal characteristics and child experiences on intelligence in a sample of four year old children who were born in 1968.
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Neonatal at-risk factors, visual defects, and the preschool child: A report from The Queen Mary Hospital Multidisciplinary Child Development Study | 1976
Ellingham, T.R., Silva, P.A., Buckfield, ... Show all » P.M., Clarkson, J.E. « Hide
New Zealand Medical Journal, 1976, 11(11), 74-77.
download pdf Our ref: NZ2
Show abstract » An experimental group of 142 children aged four years who had experienced neonatal at risk factors and a control group of 112 children whose perinatal histories were optimal had vision screening tests to detect defective vision or strabismus. Five (3.5 percent) in the at risk group and 10 (8.9 percent) in the control group (total 15, 5.9 percent) were found to have a visual defect. Of those, six had already been identified because of a manifest squint. Nine children with defective vision were first identified through the study. The importance of the early identification and treatment of visual disorders, particularly amblyopia, is emphasised, and recommendations are made for more widespread vision screening of preschool children.
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The value of long-term follow-up following perinatal problems | 1976
Silva, P.A.
Bulletin of the Post Graduate Committee in Medicine, Special Issue, 1976, 153-162.
Our ref: RO1
Show abstract » This report describes some early findings from a cohort of children born during 1968. The results have now largely been superseded by results from the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study cohort. (See RO31, RO42, RO43, NZ29, PJ5, UR1, UR13)
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The later growth of children who were preterm and small for gestational age | 1975
Clarkson, J.E., Silva, P.A., Buckfield, ... Show all » P.M., Hardman, J. « Hide
New Zealand Medical Journal, 1975, 81(81), 279-282.
Our ref: NZ1
Show abstract » The four-year-old growth status of 56 preterm, 35 small for gestational age, and 111 randomly selected appropriate weight for gestational age children who were born at the Queen Mary Hospital (Dunedin) in 1968, is described. Children who were preterm but were greater than 2500g at birth were significantly heavier, taller and had larger head circumference measures than the control group. Preterm children who had weighed less than 2500g at birth were significantly lighter than the controls. Children who were smaller for gestational age were significantly shorter and lighter than the control group. Other results were reported on relationships between gestational age and birth weight and the later growth status of children, and some implications were discussed.
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Occurrence, Associations, and Impacts of Nocturnal Parafunction, Daytime Parafunction, and Temporomandibular Symptoms in 38-Year-Old Individuals | 219
Fan, W.Y. Tiang, N. Brown, R.H. Thomson, W. M
Oral & Facial Pain and Headache, 219, 33(3), 254-259.
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Our ref: RO704
Show abstract » Aims: To investigate the occurrence, associations, and impacts of self-reported nocturnal parafunction, daytime parafunction, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, and TMJ clicking in a New Zealand birth cohort of 38-year-old individuals. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of data from a longstanding prospective observational study of a Dunedin, New Zealand birth cohort was undertaken. A questionnaire was used to measure self-reported nocturnal parafunction, daytime parafunction, TMJ pain, and TMJ clicking, and the short-form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) tool was used to measure the impacts of these factors while controlling for personality traits. Results: Of the 912 participants (49.7% female) who were dentally assessed and had completed questionnaire data, 31.6% reported nocturnal parafunction and 48.3% reported daytime parafunction. TMJ pain was reported by 29.4% and TMJ clicking by 34.8%. The prevalence of daytime grinding was significantly greater among women (54.2%) than men (42.5%), as was the prevalence of TMJ pain (34.5% and 24.1%, respectively). Those with parafunction or TMJ symptoms had higher mean OHIP-14 scores, and this difference remained significant after controlling for sex, socioeconomic status, xerostomia, untreated dental caries, missing teeth, and personality traits. Conclusion: People with parafunction or TMJ symptoms have poorer oral health–related quality of life than those without these symptoms.
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