The Dunedin Study - DMHDRU


All peer reviewed publications are listed below.

Displaying page 22 of 22.

Socio-economic status, maternal characteristics, child experience, and intelligence in preschool children | 1976
Silva, P.A., Fergusson, D.M.
New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 1976, 11(11), 180-188.
Our ref: NZ3
Show abstract » This paper describes a path analysis of the influence of socio-economic status, various maternal characteristics and child experiences on intelligence in a sample of four year old children who were born in 1968.
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Neonatal at-risk factors, visual defects, and the preschool child: A report from The Queen Mary Hospital Multidisciplinary Child Development Study | 1976
Ellingham, T.R., Silva, P.A., Buckfield, ... Show all » P.M., Clarkson, J.E. « Hide
New Zealand Medical Journal, 1976, 11(11), 74-77.
Our ref: NZ2
Show abstract » An experimental group of 142 children aged four years who had experienced neonatal at risk factors and a control group of 112 children whose perinatal histories were optimal had vision screening tests to detect defective vision or strabismus. Five (3.5 percent) in the at risk group and 10 (8.9 percent) in the control group (total 15, 5.9 percent) were found to have a visual defect. Of those, six had already been identified because of a manifest squint. Nine children with defective vision were first identified through the study. The importance of the early identification and treatment of visual disorders, particularly amblyopia, is emphasised, and recommendations are made for more widespread vision screening of preschool children.
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The value of long-term follow-up following perinatal problems | 1976
Silva, P.A.
Bulletin of the Post Graduate Committee in Medicine, Special Issue, 1976, 153-162.
Our ref: RO1
Show abstract » This report describes some early findings from a cohort of children born during 1968. The results have now largely been superseded by results from the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study cohort. (See RO31, RO42, RO43, NZ29, PJ5, UR1, UR13)
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The later growth of children who were preterm and small for gestational age | 1975
Clarkson, J.E., Silva, P.A., Buckfield, ... Show all » P.M., Hardman, J. « Hide
New Zealand Medical Journal, 1975, 81(81), 279-282.
Our ref: NZ1
Show abstract » The four-year-old growth status of 56 preterm, 35 small for gestational age, and 111 randomly selected appropriate weight for gestational age children who were born at the Queen Mary Hospital (Dunedin) in 1968, is described. Children who were preterm but were greater than 2500g at birth were significantly heavier, taller and had larger head circumference measures than the control group. Preterm children who had weighed less than 2500g at birth were significantly lighter than the controls. Children who were smaller for gestational age were significantly shorter and lighter than the control group. Other results were reported on relationships between gestational age and birth weight and the later growth status of children, and some implications were discussed.
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Occurrence, Associations, and Impacts of Nocturnal Parafunction, Daytime Parafunction, and Temporomandibular Symptoms in 38-Year-Old Individuals | 219
Fan, W.Y. Tiang, N. Brown, R.H. Thomson, W. M
Oral & Facial Pain and Headache, 219, 33(3), 254-259.
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Our ref: RO704
Show abstract » Aims: To investigate the occurrence, associations, and impacts of self-reported nocturnal parafunction, daytime parafunction, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, and TMJ clicking in a New Zealand birth cohort of 38-year-old individuals. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of data from a longstanding prospective observational study of a Dunedin, New Zealand birth cohort was undertaken. A questionnaire was used to measure self-reported nocturnal parafunction, daytime parafunction, TMJ pain, and TMJ clicking, and the short-form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) tool was used to measure the impacts of these factors while controlling for personality traits. Results: Of the 912 participants (49.7% female) who were dentally assessed and had completed questionnaire data, 31.6% reported nocturnal parafunction and 48.3% reported daytime parafunction. TMJ pain was reported by 29.4% and TMJ clicking by 34.8%. The prevalence of daytime grinding was significantly greater among women (54.2%) than men (42.5%), as was the prevalence of TMJ pain (34.5% and 24.1%, respectively). Those with parafunction or TMJ symptoms had higher mean OHIP-14 scores, and this difference remained significant after controlling for sex, socioeconomic status, xerostomia, untreated dental caries, missing teeth, and personality traits. Conclusion: People with parafunction or TMJ symptoms have poorer oral health–related quality of life than those without these symptoms.
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