Publications

All peer reviewed publications are listed below. Other publications will be uploaded shortly.

Displaying page 20 of 20.

Langley, J.D., Silva, P.A., Williams, S.M. | 1981

Primary school accidents

New Zealand Medical Journal, 1981, 94(94), 336-339.
Our ref: NZ17

Show abstract » Five hundred and eighteen Otago primary school accidents are described. Falls and accidents described as striking against or struck by a person or object, represented 82 percent of all the accidents. Nearly a third of all accidents resulted in fractures; the upper limb being the most common site of injury. Playthings and sports equipment were involved in over a quarter of the accidents. Of the accidents described, falls from playground equipment offer the best potential for the prevention of injury. Reprinted in the Newsletter of the International Association for the Child's Right to Play, Vol. 8, No. 4, February 1983, p. 7-11.
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Langley, J.D., Dodge, J.S., Silva, P.A. | 1981

Scalds to preschool children

New Zealand Medical Journal, 1981, 93(93), 84-87.
Our ref: NZ16

Show abstract » A survey of scalds to 64 children under five years of age was undertaken. The results showed that there was a wide variety of circumstances which resulted in these injuries. The significance of developmental aspects is demonstrated, as is the need to modify the child's environment. Poor supervision was not a significant factor in the incidents described. The problems associated with implementing various preventive strategies are discussed. It is concluded that more attention needs to be given to improving the effectiveness of active countermeasures due to the lack of practical passive countermeasures.
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Birkbeck, J.A. | 1981

The role of dairy products in the New Zealand diet

New Zealand Medical Journal, 1981, 94(94), 386-389.
Our ref: NZ15

Show abstract » This paper describes and discusses the role of dairy products and other foods in the diets of New Zealand children and adults.
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Langley, J.D. | 1981

The International Classification of Diseases codes for describing injuries and circumstances surrounding injuries: A critical comment and suggestions for improvement

Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1981, 14(14), 195-197.
Our ref: RO15

Show abstract » This paper highlights some of the shortcomings of the International Classification of Diseases Codes for describing injuries and the circumstances surrounding them. It contains a number of suggestions for improvement, so that information recorded would be of more value for injury prevention programmes.
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Simonds, J.F., Silva, P.A., Aston, L. | 1981

Behavioural and psychiatric assessment of pre-term and full-term low birth weight children at 9-12 years of age

Journal of Developmental and Behavioural Pediatrics, 1981, 2(2), 82-88.
Our ref: RO13

Show abstract » This study reports on a behavioural and psychiatric assessment of children born in Missouri, Columbia, who were pre-term or full- term but low birth weight.
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Langley, J.D., Silva, P.A. | 1981

Childhood accidents involving the electric jug - options for prevention

Burns, 1981, 7(7), 1-6.
Our ref: RO12

Show abstract » Research involving scalds to children is described and some of the preventive options involving the electric jug are outlined.
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Simons, B., Bradshaw, J., Silva, P.A. | 1980

Hospital admissions during the first five years of life

New Zealand Medical Journal, 1980, 91(91), 144-147.
Our ref: NZ14

Show abstract » Admissions to hospital experienced by 991 Dunedin children in the first five years of life are described. Changes in behaviour reported by the mothers as following these admissions were related to the age of the child, circumstances of admission, and extent of contact with parents. Twenty-seven percent of the children had been in hospital and 7% more than once. The majority of admissions were short, particularly for the older children, and parent contact was usual. The majority of admissions were not followed by reported changes in behaviour. Children between 13 and 36 months had the highest incidence of reported behaviour deterioration (25%). Children between 36 and 60 months had the highest incidence of improved behaviour (22%). These results are discussed in relationship to other research on the effects of admission to hospital on young children.
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Dodge, J.S., Silva, P.A. | 1980

A study of mothers' health

New Zealand Medical Journal, 1980, 91(91), 353-355.
Our ref: NZ13

Show abstract » The physical and mental health of the mothers of 991 children being examined in phase five of the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Child Development Study was assessed through two questionnaires which were designed to show changes in health status rather than to indicate defined disease. Less than one in five of the mothers gave no positive responses to the questionnaire on physical health and less than two in five gave no positive responses to the questionnaire on psychological health. The general level of health was lower than anticipated. Younger mothers showed more positive responses overall than older mothers and more frequent positive responses correlated significantly with family size and the presence of younger children in the family. It is considered that pressure of child rearing, especially in the larger families and in families with preschool aged children contribute to this lower health status.
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Evans, R.W., Beck D.J., Brown, R.H. | 1980

Dental health of 5 year old children: A report from the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Child Development Study

New Zealand Dental Journal, 1980, 76(76), 179-186.
Our ref: NZ12

Show abstract » The objectives of the DMHDS dental study were: to determine the dental health of the children; to obtain information on specific dental behaviours, the utilisation of the School Dental Service, and on parental attitudes towards dental matters; to study the bedtime eating habits of the children; to examine the relationship between dental health and developmental, behavioural, cultural, and social factors. This paper describes the first objective - dental health of the children, including dental caries, oral hygiene, and developmental anomalies; reports on the other objectives are to be presented subsequently.
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Birkbeck, J.A., Herbert C.M. | 1980

Skeletal maturity in seven year old Dunedin children

New Zealand Medical Journal, 1980, 92(92), 312-313.
Our ref: NZ11

Show abstract » A study of 433 boys' and 403 girls' left hand/wrist radiographs taken within 0.1 years of the child's seventh birthday shows that the median equivalent skeletal maturity using the TW 2 20-bone score is identical to the English standards, and the RUS score is only slightly above the standards. It is thus valid to use Tanner's standards when assessing New Zealand white children. The wide range of values in a healthy population is stressed.
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Birkbeck, J.A., Guthrie, A.M. | 1980

Anthropometric studies on Dunedin five and six year old children

New Zealand Medical Journal, 1980, 91(91), 331-334.
Our ref: NZ10

Show abstract » This paper describes stature, sitting height, Cormix index, height velocity, indices of body mass, skinfold measures, head circumference, and muscle mass measures taken on five and six year old children.
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Silva, P.A., Bradshaw, J. | 1980

Some factors contributing to intelligence at age of school entry

British Journal of Educational Psychology, 1980, 50(50), 11-16.
Our ref: RO9

Show abstract » The study described the contribution of a variety of variables to intelligence at age five.
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Silva, P.A. | 1980

Experiences, activities and the preschool child

Australian Journal of Early Childhood, 1980, 5(5), 13-19.
Our ref: RO8

Show abstract » This paper describes preschool children's experiences and activities and the relationship between these and a variety of measures of child development.
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Silva, P.A. | 1980

The prevalence, stability and significance of developmental language delays in preschool children

Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 1980, 22(22), 768-777.
Our ref: RO7

Show abstract » A sample of 937 children in Dunedin, New Zealand, was assessed at ages three and five years in order to estimate the nature, prevalence, stability and significance of developmental language delays in three-year-olds. Assessments included language development, intelligence, and fine and gross motor-co-ordination. Detailed results are given which described three types of language delay at age three: delayed verbal comprehension only, delayed verbal expression only, and delayed development in both aspects of language. Follow-up testing at age five indicated that the specific language delays were not highly stable, whereas delays in both aspects were highly stable. A large proportion of the latter children gained very low scores on the measures at age five, and they accounted for 84 per cent of all children with very low intelligence. The implications of the results for a screening programme to identify three-year-old children at high risk of later developmental delays are considered.
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Langley, J.D., Silva, P.A., Williams, S.M. | 1980

A study of the relationship of ninety background, developmental, behavioural and medical factors to child hood accidents. A report from the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Child Development Study

Australian Paediatric Journal, 1980, 16(16), 244-247.
Our ref: RO6

Show abstract » This study showed that there were very few characteristics of the child that were significantly associated with injury occurrence.
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Langley, J.D., Silva, P.A., Williams, S.M. | 1980

Motor co-ordination and childhood accidents

Journal of Safety Research, 1980, 12(12), 75-78.
Our ref: RO17

Show abstract » This study showed a positive correlation between motor co-ordination and number of accidents experienced by children. The size of the association, however, was not sufficiently large to be considered clinically significant.
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Silva, P.A., Ross, B. | 1980

Gross motor development and delays in development in early childhood: Assessment and significance

Journal of Human Movement Studies, 1980, 6(6), 9-24.
Our ref: RO11

Show abstract » This paper describes the modification and use of the Bayley Motor Scales at ages three and four and the McCarthy Leg Co-ordination Scale at ages five and six. Relationships between these measures of motor development and language development, intelligence, perceptual motor development, speech articulation, and early reading are presented.
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Silva, P.A., Fergusson, D.M. | 1980

Some factors contributing to language development in three year old children

European (fmr Br) Journal of Disorders of Communication, 1980, 15(15), 205-214.
Our ref: RO10

Show abstract » This paper reports a path analysis of the contribution of maternal mental ability, maternal education, socio-economic status, maternal training in child development, birth weight, and child experiences to verbal comprehension and verbal expression.
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Silva, P.A., Buckfield, P.M., Spears, G.F. | 1979

Mode of delivery and developmental characteristics in a thousand Dunedin three year olds

New Zealand Medical Journal, 1979, 89(89), 79-81.
Our ref: NZ9

Show abstract » A study of 1037 representative Dunedin children delivered by a variety of modes was described. The results showed that there were no significant differences in maternal general mental ability, training in child development, or background of child experiences among the five delivery groups studied. Also, there were no significant differences between children who were spontaneous deliveries or any of the other groups in age at which the developmental milestones were achieved, nor in any of the developmental characteristics assessed.
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Silva, P.A. | 1979

The significance of early delays in motor development

New Zealand Journal of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, 1979, 12(12), 18-20.
Our ref: NZ8

Show abstract » This early paper has now been superseded by a number of others (e.g. see RO26 and RO27).
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Geddis, D.C., Silva, P.A. | 1979

The Plunket Society: A consumer survey

New Zealand Medical Journal, 1979, 90(90), 507-509.
Our ref: NZ7

Show abstract » This paper reports findings from a survey of mothers of children in the Child Development Study with regard to their use of Plunket services and their opinions on various aspects that they believed required improvement.
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McDiarmid, J.McK., Silva, P.A. | 1979

Three year old twins and singletons: A comparison of some perinatal, environmental, experiential and developmental characteristics

Australian Paediatric Journal, 1979, 15(15), 243-247.
Our ref: RO5

Show abstract » This paper shows that three year old twins were disadvantaged in comparison with singletons. It presents evidence to show that these disadvantages were of perinatal rather than post natal origin. Follow up papers with results at ages five and seven are RO20, and age nine and eleven RO70.
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Langley, J.D., Dodge, J.S., Silva, P.A. | 1979

Accidents in the first five years of life

Australian Paediatric Journal, 1979, 15(15), 255-259.
Our ref: RO4

Show abstract » This paper reports accidents resulting in injuries experienced by children from birth to five years.
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Silva, P.A., Buckfield, P.M., Spears, G.F., Williams, S.M. | 1978

Poisoning, burns, and other accidents experienced by a thousand Dunedin three year olds: A report from The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Child Development Study

New Zealand Medical Journal, 1978, 87(87), 242-244.
Our ref: NZ6

Show abstract » Poisoning, burns, and other accidents experienced by 1037 Dunedin children during their first three years of life are described. 7.8% of the children ingested poison, 4.9% were burned, and 21.4% experienced other accidents for which medical advice was sought. The children who had been poisoned were of significantly lower intelligence than the remainder although those who had had other accidents did not differ significantly in this respect. The mothers of children poisoned or who had had accidents were not significantly different from the remainder in terms of general mental ability or training in child development.
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Silva, P.A. | 1978

SRA verbal test scores from 1011 women

New Zealand Psychologist, 1978, 7(7), 47-48.
Our ref: NZ5

Show abstract » The results obtained from an administrtion of the SRA Verbal test to 1011 Dunedin women are described. There was no significant correlation between SRA Verbal test scores and age. Correlations with the Burt Reading Test and educational level were .598 and .433 respectively.
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Hood, L.J., Faed, J.A., Silva, P.A., Buckfield, P.M. | 1978

Breast-feeding and some reasons for electing to wean the infant: A report from The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Child Development Study

New Zealand Medical Journal, 1978, 88(88), 273-276.
Our ref: NZ4

Show abstract » Data are presented on the prevalence of breast feeding among 1037 Dunedin mothers who gave birth to infants between April 1972 and March 1973 and their reasons for weaning. Although breast feeding was becoming more common at that time, more than two-thirds of the mothers weaned their babies as a result of the difficulties they encountered. One of the most significant factors in lactation failure is the mismanagement of breast feeding by health professionals.
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Silva, P.A., Buckfield, P.M., Spears, G.F. | 1978

Some maternal and child developmental characteristics associated with breast-feeding: A report from The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Child Development Study

Australian Paediatric Journal, 1978, 14(14), 265-268.
Our ref: RO3

Show abstract » This study used a matched comparison group design. It has now been superseded by a more comprehensive study using analysis of co-variance reporting results from birth to age seven. (See RO23)
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McKerracher, D.W., Saklofske, D.H., Silva, P.A. | 1977

An evaluation and cross cultural comparison of the Reynell Developmental Language Scales

Australian Reading Education Journal, 1977, 2(2), 14-17.
Our ref: RO2

Show abstract » This paper compares results from the Reynell Developmental Language Scales for three year old English and Dunedin children. It shows remarkable similarity between the Dunedin results and those reported in the English manual for the test.
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Silva, P.A., Fergusson, D.M. | 1976

Socio-economic status, maternal characteristics, child experience, and intelligence in preschool children

New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 1976, 11(11), 180-188.
Our ref: NZ3

Show abstract » This paper describes a path analysis of the influence of socio-economic status, various maternal characteristics and child experiences on intelligence in a sample of four year old children who were born in 1968.
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Ellingham, T.R., Silva, P.A., Buckfield, P.M., Clarkson, J.E. | 1976

Neonatal at-risk factors, visual defects, and the preschool child: A report from The Queen Mary Hospital Multidisciplinary Child Development Study

New Zealand Medical Journal, 1976, 11(11), 74-77.
Our ref: NZ2

Show abstract » An experimental group of 142 children aged four years who had experienced neonatal at risk factors and a control group of 112 children whose perinatal histories were optimal had vision screening tests to detect defective vision or strabismus. Five (3.5 percent) in the at risk group and 10 (8.9 percent) in the control group (total 15, 5.9 percent) were found to have a visual defect. Of those, six had already been identified because of a manifest squint. Nine children with defective vision were first identified through the study. The importance of the early identification and treatment of visual disorders, particularly amblyopia, is emphasised, and recommendations are made for more widespread vision screening of preschool children.
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Silva, P.A. | 1976

The value of long-term follow-up following perinatal problems

Bulletin of the Post Graduate Committee in Medicine, Special Issue, 1976, 153-162.
Our ref: RO1

Show abstract » This report describes some early findings from a cohort of children born during 1968. The results have now largely been superseded by results from the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study cohort. (See RO31, RO42, RO43, NZ29, PJ5, UR1, UR13)
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Clarkson, J.E., Silva, P.A., Buckfield, P.M., Hardman, J. | 1975

The later growth of children who were preterm and small for gestational age

New Zealand Medical Journal, 1975, 81(81), 279-282.
Our ref: NZ1

Show abstract » The four-year-old growth status of 56 preterm, 35 small for gestational age, and 111 randomly selected appropriate weight for gestational age children who were born at the Queen Mary Hospital (Dunedin) in 1968, is described. Children who were preterm but were greater than 2500g at birth were significantly heavier, taller and had larger head circumference measures than the control group. Preterm children who had weighed less than 2500g at birth were significantly lighter than the controls. Children who were smaller for gestational age were significantly shorter and lighter than the control group. Other results were reported on relationships between gestational age and birth weight and the later growth status of children, and some implications were discussed.
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